DDOS attack-ын талаарх мэдээлэл...

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Almas
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Танилцуулга: Хобби хамгийн дээр нь компьютер, сагсан бөмбөг, хөгжим гэж... Монголчууд маань компьютер гэдэг юмыг гартаа оруулж бүгд өөр өөрийн ажил, амьдралдаа мессенжер, тоглоом тоглох, бичиг баримт шивихээс илүүгээр ашиглаад сурчихвал улс орны маань хөгжил дугуйтай тэргэн дээр тавиад түрсэн мэт урагшаа өнхрөх байх гэж боддог юм. Тийм болохоор компьютерийн үйлдлийн систем, програм софтуудыг Монгол хэлээр орчуулах хэрэгтэй гэж боддог. Анх Windows үйлдлийн системийг орчуулахаар зорьж байсан ч одоо бол Linux үйлдлийн системийг орчуулах хэрэгтэй юм байна гэж бодох болоод байгаа. Анх 2005 оноос Дусал.нэт веб сайтыг Форум хэлбэрээр ажиллуулж эхлэсэн. Олон олон найзуудтай болсон, хамтарч бас нэлээд юм сурч мэдсэн, гэж боддог. Цаашдаа ч гэсэн... Хэрэв таньд надаас асуух, хамтран ажиллах санал байгаа бол санаа зоволгүй холбогдоорой.
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DDOS attack-ын талаарх мэдээлэл...

Post by Almas » 2013-01-11, 05:34

Хэрэг болж магадгүй...

Re: Apache displaying massive Reading request, making the webpage down. att

Fellows,

Recently we got a DoS attack to one of our servers and it just keeping overloading Apache through tons of Reading processes but it didn’t indicate the domain attacked or the IP causing the attack.

We fixed the situation applying the following procedure:

First of all we started suspending several accounts through WHM (the accounts with more traffic) and analyzing the error_log file with:

tail -f /etc/httpd/logs/error_log

The idea was to detect repetitive abnormal errors. In parallel, We had to stop and start apache several times and cleaning any process related to apache during our analysis since the DoS attack was happening at the same time.

We did that with:
service httpd stop
fuser -k 80/tcp
service httpd start

After suspend several accounts we detected an abnormal repetitive error showing:

[error] [client XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX] request failed: error reading the headers

We proceed to block such IP using CSF/BFD and the attack was totally stopped. Then we unsuspended the accounts and all came back to the normal behavior.

Finally, please note that there are several ways to detect the IP attacking the server. They are:

To see what IPs are being connected to the server and how many connections are for each IP:

netstat -anp |grep 'tcp\|udp' | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

To see how many connections are being received by each server IP:

netstat -plan |grep :80 | awk '{print $4}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

To see the total amount of active apache connections:

netstat -apn | grep :80 | wc -l

To get the total update on the apache status to see what domain is receiving the bigger amount of hits:

lynx Apache Status

Other helpful command:

/usr/sbin/httpd fullstatus

We hope it could help if you are having an attack. God Luck …
Харь гаригийнхан байдаг :D

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Almas
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Posts: 2633
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Танилцуулга: Хобби хамгийн дээр нь компьютер, сагсан бөмбөг, хөгжим гэж... Монголчууд маань компьютер гэдэг юмыг гартаа оруулж бүгд өөр өөрийн ажил, амьдралдаа мессенжер, тоглоом тоглох, бичиг баримт шивихээс илүүгээр ашиглаад сурчихвал улс орны маань хөгжил дугуйтай тэргэн дээр тавиад түрсэн мэт урагшаа өнхрөх байх гэж боддог юм. Тийм болохоор компьютерийн үйлдлийн систем, програм софтуудыг Монгол хэлээр орчуулах хэрэгтэй гэж боддог. Анх Windows үйлдлийн системийг орчуулахаар зорьж байсан ч одоо бол Linux үйлдлийн системийг орчуулах хэрэгтэй юм байна гэж бодох болоод байгаа. Анх 2005 оноос Дусал.нэт веб сайтыг Форум хэлбэрээр ажиллуулж эхлэсэн. Олон олон найзуудтай болсон, хамтарч бас нэлээд юм сурч мэдсэн, гэж боддог. Цаашдаа ч гэсэн... Хэрэв таньд надаас асуух, хамтран ажиллах санал байгаа бол санаа зоволгүй холбогдоорой.
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Re: DDOS attack-ын талаарх мэдээлэл...

Post by Almas » 2013-01-11, 05:50

Эх хуудас: http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-iptables-drop/

How do I block particular IP addresses or host with the iptables command under Linux?

You need to use the following syntax to drop an IP address or host with the iptables command.
[Warning examples may block access to your computer] WARNING! These examples may block your computer if not executed with proper care. Be careful when applying these settings on remote servers over ssh session.
Block Incoming Request From IP 1.2.3.4

The following command will drop any packet coming from the IP address 1.2.3.4:


/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -s {IP-HERE} -j DROP
/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP


You can also specify an interface such as eth1 via which a packet was received:


/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -i {INTERFACE-NAME-HERE} -s {IP-HERE} -j DROP
/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -i eth1 -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP


Please note that when the "!" argument is used before the interface name, the sense is inverted:


/sbin/iptables -I INPUT ! -i {INTERFACE-NAME-HERE} -s {IP-HERE} -j DROP
/sbin/iptables -I INPUT ! -i eth1 -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP


If the interface name ends in a "+", then any interface which begins with this name will match. If this option is omitted, any interface name will match:


/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -i {INTERFACE-NAME-HERE}+ -s {IP-HERE} -j DROP
/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -i br+ -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP


You can replace -I INPUT (insert) with -A INPUT (append) rule as follows:


/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP
/sbin/iptables -i eth1 -A INPUT -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP


How Do I Block Subnet (xx.yy.zz.ww/ss)?

Use the following syntax to block 10.0.0.0/8 on eth1 public interface:
# /sbin/iptables -i eth1 -A INPUT -s 10.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
How Do I Block and Log Dropped IP Address Information?

You can turn on kernel logging of matching packets with LOG target as follows:
# /sbin/iptables -i eth1 -A INPUT -s 10.0.0.0/8 -j LOG --log-prefix "IP DROP SPOOF A:"
The next rule will actually drop the ip / subnet:
# /sbin/iptables -i eth1 -A INPUT -s 10.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
How Do I View Blocked IP Address?

Simply use the following command:
# /sbin/iptables -L -v
OR
# /sbin/iptables -L INPUT -v
OR
# /sbin/iptables -L INPUT -v -n
Sample outputs:

Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT 3107K packets, 1847M bytes)
pkts bytes target prot opt in out source destination
0 0 DROP all -- br+ any 1.2.3.4 anywhere
0 0 DROP all -- !eth1 any 1.2.3.4 anywhere
0 0 DROP all -- !eth1 any 1.2.3.4 anywhere

How Do I Search For Blocked IP Address?

Use the grep command as follows:
# /sbin/iptables -L INPUT -v -n | grep 1.2.3.4
How Do I Delete Blocked IP Address?

First, you need to display blocked IP address along with line number and other information, enter:
# iptables -L INPUT -n --line-numbers
# iptables -L INPUT -n --line-numbers | grep 1.2.3.4
Sample outputs:

num pkts bytes target prot opt in out source destination
1 0 0 DROP 0 -- * * 116.199.128.1 0.0.0.0/0
2 0 0 DROP 0 -- * * 116.199.128.10 0.0.0.0/0
3 0 0 DROP 0 -- * * 123.199.2.255 0.0.0.0/0

To delete line number 3 (123.199.2.255), enter:
# iptables -D INPUT 3
Verify the same, enter:
# iptables -L INPUT -v -n
You can also use the following syntax:
# iptables -D INPUT -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP
How Do I Save Blocked IP Address?

If you are using Redhat / RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux, type the following command:
# iptables -D INPUT -s 1.2.3.4 -j DROP
##########################
#////// command to save iptables ///////#
##########################
# /sbin/service iptables save
# less /etc/sysconfig/iptables
# grep '1.2.3.4' /etc/sysconfig/iptables
For all other Linux distributions use the iptables-save command to dump the contents of an IP Table to a file:
# iptables-save > /root/myfirewall.conf
Please not that you need to run the 'iptables-save' or 'service iptables save' as soon as you add or delete the ip address.
A Note About Restoring Firewall

To restore your firewall use the iptables-restore command to restore IP Tables from a file called /root/myfirewall.conf, enter:
# iptables-restore < /root/myfirewall.conf
How Do I Block Large Number Of IP Address or Subnets?

You need to write a shell script as follows:

#!/bin/bash
_input="/root/blocked.ip.db"
IPT=/sbin/iptables
$IPT -N droplist
egrep -v "^#|^$" x | while IFS= read -r ip
do
$IPT -A droplist -i eth1 -s $ip -j LOG --log-prefix "IP BlockList "
$IPT -A droplist -i eth1 -s $ip -j DROP
done < "$_input"
# Drop it
$IPT -I INPUT -j droplist
$IPT -I OUTPUT -j droplist
$IPT -I FORWARD -j droplist

See also: iptables: Read a List of IP Address From File And Block
Block Outgoing Request From LAN IP 192.168.1.200?

Use the following syntax:
# /sbin/iptables -A OUTPUT -s 192.168.1.200 -j DROP
# /sbin/service iptables save
You can also use FORWARD default chainswhen packets send through another interface. Usually FORWARD used when you setup Linux as a router:
# /sbin/iptables -A FORWARD -s 192.168.1.200 -j DROP
# /sbin/service iptables save
Харь гаригийнхан байдаг :D

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